The Biology Ph.D. program received the 2019 Dean’s Award for Inclusive Excellence in Graduate Education. The fields within biology are further divided based on the scale at which organisms are studied and the methods used to study them: biochemistry examines the fundamental chemistry of life; molecular biology studies the complex interactions of systems of biological molecules; cellular biology examines the basic building block of all life, the cell; physiology examines the physical and chemical functions of the tissues and organ systems of an organism; and ecology examines how various organisms interrelate.

The science which deals with the study of living objects and their life processes is called biology (Greek words, bios – life, logos – study). Biology, also referred to as the biological sciences, is the study of living organisms utilizing the scientific method. You’ll explore the fundamental nature of water and develop your field study skills on a scientific trip around the hydrological cycle. From ecology to molecular biology, the science of biology studies them all.

The centrality of evolution and its organizing, unifying properties made its way into textbooks of evolution that reached both secondary school and university level students, bolstering the discipline of evolutionary biology and its inclusion into the biological sciences curriculum; this was increasingly the case all over the world. The Apfeld Lab seeks to dissect the interplay between redox processes and age-dependent changes in tissue function in the nematode C. elegans, in order to shed light on the association between the dysregulation of the cellular redox environment and many human diseases of aging.

These are just a few of the many biology examples wherein its fundamental tenets are integrated into other scientific fields. AIMS AND SCOPE OF JOURNAL: The Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, in publication since 1985, covers the most significant developments in the field of cell and developmental biology, including structure, function, and organization of the cell, development and evolution of the cell as it relates to single and multicellular organisms, and models and tools of molecular biology.

The fundamental principles of biology that are acceptable to this day include cell theory, gene theory, evolutionary theory, homeostasis, and energy. Khrapko’s lab is studying mutations in mtDNA and their effects on cellular physiology, aging and disease. Indeed, in some circles, the emphasis on molecular biology and its philosophy of reductionism caused initial tumult for many evolutionary biologists who felt that the autonomy of biology was challenged as it stood to be engulfed by the physical sciences (Mayr, 1982; Wilson, 1996).